France 24 reports another exception to China “one-child” policy. In fact, Chinese law allows married couples who are both the only child of their parents to have two children.
China provides support from government run family planning centers that check on women’s health and inform them of their rights and responsibilities.
The Shanghai government encourages married couples eligible to have more than one child to do so. In Shanghai, that means most married couples.
In 2009, the Shanghai Family Planning Commission promoted this policy. The reason for this campaign lies in China’s population structure.
Because of the one-child policy, China is aging fast. Shanghai is particularly hard hit by this age disparity. Twenty-two percent of the citizens of Shanghai are over sixty and these numbers are expected to grow.
Xu Xihua, the director of Shanghai’s Aging Development Center says that by adjusting the one-child policy in Shanghai, this disparity in ages can be partially reduced. Giving couples an opportunity to have two children is part of the plan.
However, the central government stresses it is not abandoning its family planning policies or its control over the number of births. Fear of overpopulation and potential famines remains high.
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