Another reason that China’s government does not want the Pope to rule over China’s Catholics is because of the Catholic Church’s political meddling and bloody history.
In 1088, Pope Urban II was responsible for launching the First Crusade to rescue the Holy Land from the Turks.
In 1147, King Louis VII was enlisted by Bernard of Clairvaux, a French abbot in the Catholic Church, to lead the Second Crusade.
Pope Gregory VIII proclaimed the Third Crusade in 1188.
During the Fourth Crusade in 1202, European Christians sacked Constantinople, a Christian city in Turkey.
In the 12th and 13th centuries, the Church waged war against the Christian Cather religious sect in the Languedoc region of France and in other parts of Europe. The last known Cathar leader was executed in 1321.
Then there were the four Inquisitions from 1184 to 1860 along with the religious wars that followed the reformation.
Protestants and Catholics shed each other’s blood in national wars and in civil wars from 1562 to 1648.
Then there is the fact that the Pope issues edicts for his followers and some of them go against Chinese law such as the one-child policy designed to control the growth of China’s population.
In addition, China has never had a religion that dominated its culture as in the West and the Middle East.
Moreover, if you are one of those people that believes the Church has changed its evil ways consider how it has shielded priests accused of molesting children or the money laundering by the Vatican’s bank.
Although Chinese believe in heaven and God, most do not believe n God and heaven the same as Christianity and Islam do.
In China, the people are raised to honor the ancestors and obey the central government’s laws not the laws and edicts of a religion.
Catholics in China are free to worship but not free to have the Pope be their spiritual and political ruler since the Pope often issues edicts that influence political beliefs leading to civil unrest and more pressure on China to change.
In fact, China is often depicted as an atheist nation, which is far from the truth.
In China, it is believed by many that Heaven is said to see, hear and watch over all men (sounds like God to me). Heaven is affected by man’s doings, and having personality, is happy and angry with them. Heaven blesses those who please it and sends calamities upon those who offend it.
Heaven was also believed to transcend all other spirits and gods, with Confucius asserting, “He who offends against Heaven has none to whom he can pray.”
If anything, most Chinese are guilty of being Deists (as many of America’s Founding Fathers were) or nonreligious since they do not belong to or believe in religions.
Since both Christian and Islamic sects believe they must convert nonbelievers, it must be frustrating to the Catholic Pope that he cannot have freedom to convert as many as possible in China.
It is obvious that the Catholic Church and other world religions want China to change its culture to accept religion as the rest of the world does.
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