Troy Parfitt, the author of Why China Will Never Rule the World – Travels in the Two Chinas says the Analects of Confucius represents only stone-age logic and dictums posing as wisdom that support tyranny. He says the Confucian concept of piety is virtually identical in China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Singapore, and Macau.
However, Mr. Parfitt does not mention that Confucian philosophy is also practiced in democratic republics such as South Korea, Japan and the Philippians. In fact, people in all of East Asia practice different aspects of Confucian philosophy.
A hallmark of Confucius’ thought is his emphasis on education and study. He disparaged those who have faith in natural understanding or intuition and argued that the only real understanding of a subject comes from long and careful study.
Thus, under Confucianism, teachers and scholars were regarded, like oldest males and fathers, as unquestioned authorities [unless they lose the trust of the people by not doing their job].
In fact, the philosophy of Confucianism is not blind obedience. It is earned obedience. In addition, due to the value placed on eduction and merit, those in positions of power usually earned his or her position through hard work and merit and not popularity as in most liberal democracies.
Religion and Spirituality in Singapore
The face of Confucianism that pertains to tyranny is the political propaganda that governments in East Asia have used for centuries in futile attempts to convince the people to blindly obey. The only countries this has worked well in so far are Japan and North Korea.
Yet, Japan, with its Confucian dictums that puts loyalty before filial piety became a parliamentary republic and one of its most innovative corporations, Toyota, is the number one global auto manufacturer with GM running second place. If we were to accept Parfitt’s opinion that Confucianism supports tyranny and not innovation, there is no way that Toyota could have been as successful as it has been.
If anyone doubts the power of Confucian loyalty and obedience in Japan, this is what Rutgers University has to say on the subject, “In modern Japanese society one is loyal to one’s immediate group, the “company”, the family, etc., just as previously the emperor, the shogun, or other lords commanded total obedience.”
What Parfitt doesn’t seem to understand is that in the family and in the village, Confucian social philosophy largely revolves around the concept ofren, “compassion” or “loving others” and not on blind obedience to the government.
Subjecting oneself to ritual does not, however, mean suppressing one’s desires but instead learning how to reconcile one’s own desires with the needs of one’s family and community.
If the political face of Confucianism was successful and crippled innovation as Mr. Parfitt preached in our debate, then China would have never invented silk, paper, the printing press, gunpowder, multi-stage rockets, the compass and so much more—centuries before these innovations reached the West.
Instead, the face of Confucianism with the most influence comes through the family—not the government—and in the family, the people learn the meaning behind the Mandate of Heaven and the value of a merit based education.
Return to The two-faces of Confucius – Part 4 or start with Part 1
Lloyd Lofthouse is the award-winning author of The Concubine Saga. When you
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How many religions are in China? How can one sum up all of China as Confucian? Many (including my ex boss) went to temples decorated with statues of a fat man or a woman with a crown/tierra surrounded by 4 guardian disciples. Rarely did I come across the mysterious temples that worship a statue of 2 old people with a lone monk beating a small woodblock while praying at the base. The walls decorated in the philosophical sphere of black and white that has always amazed me since my childhood of POGs, Ninja Turtles, and other such asian themed entertainment.
I find it hard to lump China as a whole as Confucian. As for others calling it “obedience”, Confucius belief revolves around logic and social mannerisms. I myself would only call it “obedience” because logic and mannerisms feel like a cage in contrast to the natural and supernatural (otherworldly) beliefs of Taoism. Although, as with anything there’s a line (most Taoists are not nudists). I assume that is why in the 70s-80s many Americans took up Taoism because of the liberal/revolutionary counter culture that came across as “Cool”.
Minor error change. Americans did not necessarily take up Taoism, but instead had other names for what Chinese might call Taoism in appearance, but American in spirit. “It is Taoism, but it is not Taoism.” (Hippy, Counter-Culture, nature lover, PEACE, etc etc) As opposed to the suit/tie guy that lives in a cubicle or the sweat soaked farmer that tells his kids, “Life is 10 bucks, which 10 bucks is sweat and hard work.”