The Chinese moved their Eleventh and Fifty-fifth divisions to the front.
The Indian army had four brigades set up defensive positions along the only mountain road leading south through the harsh terrain.
At the same time, India was planning to attack the Chinese army.
In a risky flanking maneuver, the Chinese sent 1,500 troops along a dangerous mountain trail to attack India’s Army in the rear and cut them in half.
The Chinese troops succeeded, and the Chinese army launched an attack from the north along the road.
India’s Sixty-second Brigade collapsed the first day. Soon after, India’s Sixty-fifth Brigade abandoned their positions without a fight.
News of the Indian army’s defeat reached New Delhi. The Indian people panicked. Large numbers of refugees started to flow south.
Chinese army troops had advanced into India past the disputed territory. China declared a unilateral cease fire.
There were abandoned Indian weapons everywhere and the Chinese troops gathered the weapons, which were returned to India. Then the Indian troops that were prisoners of war were released.
China’s army withdraw to the 1959 border keeping the disputed territory. The war ended without a treaty to resolve the border dispute.
Killed = 4,885
POW = 3,968
Wounded = 1,697
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