In China, little is left to chance and the central government takes its job so seriously, many in the West believe the leaders of China are totalitarians and brutal dictators. In fact, China’s leaders are acting as the collective culture dictates.
Those in China who speak out against the government are considered aberrations and few have sympathy when they are punished. Confucianism and piety demand that citizens do not publicly challenge the government but, in turn, the government has an obligation to the people to insure a secure and bountiful future.
Fail in that and the Communists will lose the mandate to rule.
The most critical obligation is water. China has two of the world’s longest rivers—the Yellow and the Yangtze. However, there is still not enough water in the north.
To solve that challenge, China is building both above and underground pipelines from the south to the north to move water from the Yangtze and the Danjiangkou reservoir in Hubei province.
The most difficult task will be tunneling under earthquake prone mountains as high as five kilometers above sea level.
The South-to-North Water diversion Project in China with an estimated cost of 70 billion dollars is the largest of its kind ever undertaken. Mao Zedong first proposed the project in 1952, and it took 50 years to plan before construction started with completion set for 2050.
When done, China will divert almost 45 billion cubic meters of water annually to the drier north. Source: Water Technology.net
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